Police Powers: Stops and Searches
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People who are not Canadian citizens can be arrested and detained by the police and also by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) for reasons set out in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. CBSA has the power to enforce immigration law. To arrest and detain a permanent resident in Canada, CBSA must have a warrant.
For information or advice about arrest and detention for immigration reasons, speak to an immigration lawyer. Click here for information about getting legal help.
In most cases, if you are stopped and questioned by the police, you do not have to answer their questions, but it is a good idea to be polite.