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Police Powers: Stops and Searches

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If you speak French

In many cases you have the right to government services and legal proceedings in French, including hearings before French-speaking decision‑makers.

If you have a legal problem, you can ask a lawyer or a community legal clinic about your French language rights.

Si vous parlez français

Il existe de nombreuses situations où vous avez droit à des services gouvernementaux et à des procédures juridiques en français. Ainsi, vous pouvez avoir droit à ce qu'une audience à laquelle vous êtes partie soit tenue devant un décideur qui parle français.

Si vous avez un problème juridique, vous pouvez demander à un avocat ou à un intervenant d'une clinique juridique communautaire de vous informer des droits linguistiques liés au fait de parler français.

People who are not Canadian citizens can be arrested and detained by the police and also by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) for reasons set out in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. CBSA has the power to enforce immigration law. To arrest and detain a permanent resident in Canada, CBSA must have a warrant.

For information or advice about arrest and detention for immigration reasons, speak to an immigration lawyer. For information about getting legal help see, How do I get legal help?

In most cases, if you are stopped and questioned by the police, you do not have to answer their questions, but it is a good idea to be polite.