Family violence when a woman is sponsored by a spouse or partner
Getting legal help
If a woman's stay in Canada may be at risk, she should get legal advice before she does anything. And if a woman or her children are being abused or neglected by her spouse or partner who has sponsored her or promised to sponsor her, she should get legal advice. There may be legal issues affecting her situation that she is not aware of. For example, she may be from a country that Canada is not sending people back to because of the human rights situation there.
She may need to speak to a family lawyer, especially if she has children. In some situations, if there is a court order under family law that deals with the children, her removal from Canada might go against the order.
A woman should also know that if she does not have immigration status in Canada and she contacts the police, they may decide to contact immigration authorities. The police database will show if there is an immigration warrant in her name.
For legal advice, a woman can contact a legal clinic or a lawyer. Community legal clinics give free legal advice to people with low incomes, but not all clinics deal with immigration issues. Student legal clinics in law schools in Toronto, Kingston, London, Ottawa, and Windsor also represent and assist people.
To find a legal clinic, visit the Legal Aid Ontario (LAO) website at www.legalaid.on.ca or call Legal Aid Ontario at:
Toronto area: 416-979-1446
Toll-free TTY: 1-866-641-8867
Toronto area TTY: 416-598-8867
Legal Aid Ontario also offers a searchable directory of lawyers. A woman can search for a lawyer by area of law, location, and language at: www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/findingalawyer.asp.
Legal aid certificates
A legal aid certificate can pay for a lawyer's services. LAO will decide if a woman qualifies based on her income and legal issue.
Victims of family violence may be able to get a legal aid certificate on an emergency basis. It may be possible to apply and get the certificate on the same day.
Victims of family violence can also ask a women's shelter or community legal clinic to make a referral under LAO's Family Violence Authorization Program. Under this Program, victims of family violence may qualify for a free 2 hour session with a lawyer. A woman who needs advice from a family lawyer and an immigration lawyer can ask for both. If she needs a lawyer to represent her in legal proceedings, she will need to apply for a legal aid certificate.
Barbra Schlifer Commemorative Clinic
This organization provides free legal representation in family and immigration law, as well as counselling and language interpreter services for women who experience physical, sexual, or psychological abuse. They may also give summary advice and advocate for women in criminal law cases. They accept collect calls.
Toronto area: 416-323-9149
Toronto area TTY: 416-323-1361
Law Society Referral Service
The Law Society Referral Service is an online service that gives you the name of a lawyer in your area who can give you a free consultation for up to 30 minutes. You can ask for a lawyer who speaks your language, or a lawyer who accepts Legal Aid certificates. You can also call them on a crisis line if you are unable to use the online service, for example if you are in custody, in a shelter, or in a remote community without access to the internet. This line is available from Monday to Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Toll-free Crisis Line1-855-947-5255
Toronto area Crisis Line416-947-5255