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Humanitarian and compassionate (H&C) applications and refugee claims: how are they different?

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How does IRCC decide H&C applications?

The decision on an H&C application is "discretionary". This means that immigration officers have a lot of freedom in deciding these applications. But they must base their decisions on the evidence and they must consider all of the evidence as a whole when deciding whether the application is strong enough.

Because there is usually no interview, it is important to:

  • send the best possible evidence to support the application, and
  • explain all of the reasons to stay in Canada.

If there are mistakes in the application or the supporting evidence is not strong, the application may be denied.

For more information about how H&C applications are decided and what kind of evidence can help, see Making a humanitarian and compassionate (H&C) application in this series.