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Mental Illness, Criminal Offences, & Deportation

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Talking to clients about the risks

Ask your clients if they are Canadian citizens. Make sure that permanent residents know the difference between citizenship and permanent residence. Explain that without Canadian citizenship they risk being deported from Canada if they have criminal convictions. You can:

  • Discuss the advantages of becoming a Canadian citizen and help them apply for citizenship if they qualify. To find out who is eligible to apply and to download application packages, visit the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada website at
  • Ask your clients whether they have any criminal convictions. Encourage those with criminal records to find out whether they are eligible to apply for a "record suspension". A record suspension used to be called a pardon. For information about record suspensions, visit the Parole Board of Canada website at