Do you know a woman who is being abused? A legal rights handbook
Should I try mediation?
In family law you must think about using alternative dispute resolution (ADR) or a family dispute resolution process to resolve your issues out of court if it is suitable for you.
Mediation is one type of ADR. It sometimes offers a solution to family disputes and can be faster and less stressful than a court hearing. A mediator does not give legal advice. They can help you and your partner talk about legal issues like decision-making responsibility and parenting time, and spousal and child support. They can help you reach a solution you both like.
You do not have to use mediation or any type of ADR process. ADR is not always appropriate in domestic violence situations because:
- You may be afraid of or intimidated by your partner and it can be hard to say what you want.
- You might find it difficult to talk about your experiences of violence in mediation. Or, the mediator might not understand the impact of violence on you or its impact on your children.
- Your partner might be very charming when other people are around. This might lead the mediator to think that certain arrangements, such as sharing decision-making responsibility, are workable.
- the Ontario Association for Family Mediation
- Family Mediation Canada
- the ADR Institute of Ontario
Even if you agree to try mediation, you do not have to agree to anything the mediator proposes. If you are uncomfortable with something, tell the mediator that you need time to speak to a lawyer, or to think about it.
Important: If you go to mediation, make sure you do not agree to any arrangement or sign anything before you discuss it with a family lawyer.
Finding a mediator
If you decide to try mediation, make sure to find a mediator who has been trained to handle cases involving domestic violence. If you are not sure, ask the mediator about their training and experience.
Each family court location in Ontario offers subsidized mediation services. The first meeting, called an intake meeting, is always free. After that, you can get up to 8 hours of mediation for a fee that is based on you and your partner's incomes. This service is available whether or not you have a court case. If you have a court case, you can get up to 2 hours of mediation for free at the court. See www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/courts.
You can also find mediators with lower fees through JusticeNet. JusticeNet is a not-for-profit that helps people in Ontario whose income is too high to get legal aid and too low to afford standard legal fees. See www.justicenet.ca/professions.
There are several organizations that set standards for mediators in Ontario. You can find an accredited or certified mediator through:
An accredited or certified mediator has completed special training and has professional liability insurance. This means that they have insurance in case someone sues them for not mediating properly.Your lawyer might also recommend a mediator.