Making a humanitarian and compassionate (H&C) application
What is an H&C application?
An H&C application is an application for permanent residence in Canada. In general, people must apply for permanent residence from outside Canada. In some cases, it is possible to ask IRCC to make an exception to this rule. An H&C application asks IRCC to allow the applicant to apply for permanent residence in Canada for humanitarian and compassionate reasons.
There are 2 stages of approval. A successful applicant will be:
- allowed to apply for permanent residence in Canada for humanitarian and compassionate reasons ("approval-in-principle"), and
- approved for permanent resident status in Canada.
An applicant who is approved at the first stage could still be refused at the second stage if they do not meet the requirements for permanent resident status.